Learning Beyond | Best Certification Courses For Civil Engineers

Upcoming Batches: 6 Months Industry Master Course – 01 March 2024 | Live Webinar on “Skills required for Civil and Structural Engineers” on 26 Feb 2024 (Monday) at 7:00pm
Learning beyond logo

MANUAL DESIGN OF SINGLY REINFORCED BEAM

In this blog, you will learn step by step about the design of singly reinforced beam of first floor of G+5 building procedure using I.S. 456:2000. For daily blogs, subscribe to our blog page and learn complete information about the structural engineering industry

DESIGN OF SINGLY REINFORCED BEAM
Design of singly reinforced beam (Fig 1)

Given :- (SINGLY REINFORCED BEAM)

1) Grade of Concrete = M20
2) Grade of Steel = Fe500
3) Clear Cover to Reinforcement (c) = 25 mm
4) Length of Beam = 2660 mm
5) Unit Weight of Concrete = 25 kN/m2
6) Slab Dimensions :- S1 = (2660 mm X 2890 mm) & S2 = (940 mm X 2660 mm)
7) Floor to Floor Height (H) = 3000 mm

Step 1 :- Trial Dimension of The Beam :-

Assume the Width of The Beam (b) = 230 mm
Effective Depth of Beam (d) = (L/10) to (L/15) = (2660/10) to (2660/15)
                                               = 266 mm to 177.33 mm
Take, d = 300 mm  …(Rounded off on Higher Side)
Assume, 12 mm Diameter Bars are to be Provided  at a Clear Cover of 25 mm.
Therefore, D = 300 + (12/2) + 25 = 331 mm ≈ 375 mm …(Rounded off on Higher Side)
Therefore, Effective Depth of Beam Provided (d) = 375 – (12/2) – 25 = 344 mm 

Step 2 :- Effective Span (Le) :-

Le = L + d = 2660 + 344 = 3004 mm

Step 3 :- Load Calculations :-

i) Super Imposed Dead Load (SIDL) :-
Wall Load = Wall Thickness X Floor to Floor Height X Unit Weight of Bricks 
                  = (0.150 X 3 X 20) = 9 kN/m
                  …(No Deduction of Depth of Beam is Made From Floor to Floor Height)
ii) Slab Load Transferring on Beam :-
Slab S2 :-
a) Self Weight of Slab (DL) = D X Unit Weight of Concrete
                                             = 0.125 X 25
                                             = 3.125 kN/m2
b) Live Load (LL) = 2 kN/m…[Refer Table No. 1 , Page No. 7 , I.S. 875  (Part 2) : 1987]
c) Super Imposed Dead Load (SIDL) =
Floor Finish = Wt. of Screeding (50 mm Thk.) + Flooring (10 mm Thk.)
                         + Sunk  Load(325mm Thk.)
                     = (0.05 X 24) + (0.01 X 22) + (0.325 X 20)…[Refer I.S. 875 (Part 1) :1987]
                     = 7.92 kN/m2
                     ≈ 8 kN/m2
Total Load of Slab S2 (w)  = 3.125 + 2 + 8 = 13.125 kN/m2

Rectangular Load of Slab S2 is Transferring  on Beam B6 Because S2 Slab is One Way Slab Which is Given by,
WS2 = [(w. Lx) / 2] = [(13.125 X 1.17) / 2] = 7.678 kN/m
Slab S1 :-
a) Self Weight of Slab (DL) = D X Unit Weight of Concrete
                                             = 0.125 X 25
                                             = 3.125 kN/m2
b) Live Load (LL) = 2 kN/m…[Refer Table No. 1 , Page No. 7 , I.S. 875  (Part 2) : 1987]
c) Super Imposed Dead Load (SIDL) =
Floor Finish = Wt. of Screeding (50 mm Thk.) + Flooring (10 mm Thk.)
                     = (0.05 X 24) + (0.01 X 22)  …[Refer I.S. 875 (Part 1) : 1987]
                     = 1.42kN/m2
≈ 1.5 kN/m2
Total Load of Slab S1 (w)  = 3.125 + 2 + 1.5 = 6.625 kN/m2

Triangular Load of Slab S1 is Transferring  on Beam B6 Because S1 Slab is Two Way Slab Which is Given by,
WS1 = [(w. Lx)/3] = [(6.625 X 2.66)/3) = 5.874 kN/m
Therefore, Total Load of Slabs Transfering on Beam B6 = WS1 + WS2 = 5.874+7.678
                                                                                                            = 13.55  kN/m

iii) Self Weight of Beam (DL) = b X D X Unit Weight of Concrete
                                                 = 0.230 X 0.375 X 25
                                                 = 2.156 kN/m
Total Load on Beam B6 = Wall Load + Slab load + Self Wt. of Beam
                                       =  9 + 13.55 + 2.156 = 24.706 kN/m
Ultimate Load (Wu) = 24.706 X 1.5 = 37.059 kN/m.

Step 4 :- Bending Moment (Mu) :-

Mu= Wu . Le2/ 8 = 37.059 X 3.0042 / 8 = 41.8 kN.m

Step 5 :- Check For Depth :-

 Equate   Mumax & Mulim,
              Mumax =  Mulim
41.8 X 106 = 0.133 X fck X b X dreq2
               41.8 X 106 = 0.133 X 20 X 230 X dreq2
dreq= 261.38 mm  < 344mm   …(dreq< dprovided)
              Therefore,  Safe

Step 6 :- Area of Steel Calculations  (Ast) :-

[Refer Cl. No. 26.5.1.1 (a) & (b),Page No. 46 & 47,I.S. 456 : 2000]

Therefore,  Provide  4-T12  Bars.
Therefore, Astprovided = (One Bar Area). (No. of Bars to be Provided)
                                 = π/4 X〖 12〗^2  X 4
                 Astprovided  = 452.45 mm2
                                 >Astmin (134.504 mm2)   …ok
                                >Astmax (3450 mm2)        …ok

Step 7 :- Check For Shear :-

Codal Provisions for Shear :- [Refer Cl. No. 26.5.1.6, Page No. 48 & Cl. No. 40.1, 40.3, Page No. 72 of  I.S. 456 : 2000]

i) Maximum Shear Force (Vu) :-
Vu= Wu . Le/ 2  ….( For Simply Supported Beam )
     =  [(37.059 X 3.004) / 2]
     = 55.662 kN

ii) Nominal Shear Stress (τv) :-
τv = Vu / b.d
    = [(55.662 X 103) / (230 X 344)]
= 0.7 N/mm2

iii) % of Steel (Pt) :-
Pt=  [(100. Astprovided) / b.d]
Therefore , Pt = (100 X 452.45) / (230 X 344) = 0.57 %

iv) Design Shear Stress (τc) :- (Refer Table No. 19, Page No.73, I.S. 456 : 2000)
By Interpolation,
τc = [0.48 + {(0.56-0.48) / (0.75-0.5)}X (0.57-0.5)]
    = 0.5  N/mm< 0.7 N/mm2
As, τc < τv
We Need to Design For Shear Reinforcement.

Ptτc (For M20)
0.50.48
0.57?
0.750.56

As per Table No. 20 , Page No. 73 , I.S. 456 : 2000
Maximum Shear Stress for M20 Grade Concrete is, τcmax= 2.8 N/mm2
Therefore,  Beam B6 is Safe in Shear.

Step 8 :- Design of Shear Reinforcement :-

i) Shear Resisted by Stirrups (Vus) :-
Vus= Vu – Vuc ….( For Simply Supported Beam )
      = Vu – τc .b.d
      = 55.662 X 103 – 0.5 X 230 X 344
      = 16102 N
      = 16.102 kN
Provide 2-Legged 8mm Diameter Stirrups
Asv = 2 X π/4 X 64 = 100.544 mm2

ii) Spacing of Stirrups (Sv) :-

iii) Check For Stirrups Spacing :-
Spacing of Stirrups Should Not be Greater Than Minimum of The Following,
Spacing of Stirrups (Sv) = Min. of    i) 0.75d
                                                         ii) 300 mm
Therefore, Spacing of Stirrups (Sv) =  i) 0.75 X 344 = 258 mm
                                                                     Or
                                                            ii) 300 mm
Therefore, Spacing of Stirrups (Sv) = 258 mm ≈ 250 mm
Therefore,  Provide 2-Legged 8 mm Diameter Stirrups at a Spacing of 250 mm c/c.

Step 9 :- Check For Deflection :-

Permissible Deflection (Δ) = Le / 350 = 3004 / 350 = 8.58mm
For Simply Supported Beam B6,

NOTE :- Deflection Should be Checked for Working Loads.
 As, δmax < Δ    …Safe for Deflection

Design of singly reinforced beam (Fig 2)
SECTION A-A’ – Design of singly reinforced beam (Fig 2)

1 thought on “MANUAL DESIGN OF SINGLY REINFORCED BEAM”

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *